The Central and South east Europe consist of a beautiful sovereign state Serbia with a total land area of 88,361 square kilometers. The state is bordered towards the north and east by Hungary and Romania respectively while Macedonia and Croatia, Bosnia to the south and west respectively. It is also believed that Serbia also shares its boundaries with Kosovo and Albania. One of the largest cities in South east Europe, Belgrade is the capital city of this nation with majority of its population living over here.
The nation state is a proud member of the United Nations, BSEC etc. and it is striving at its best to obtain the membership of the Euro-zone. The service sector is dominant in the nation and it also maintains a respectable position in terms of Global Peace Index and other important measure of the Government. Serbia known a parliamentary republic with its official sections divided into legislative, executive and judiciary. The state is headed by the President while he Government is formed by the Prime Minister who in turn selects the council of Ministers for proper governance.
Population and Climate:
With a three tier judicial system, Serbia is divided into 135 municipalities along with 23 cities. According to a census conducted in the year 2011 the total population of Serbia is estimated at around 7,186,862 while the density is recorded at 93 residents per square kilometers. A major issue of concern is that the birth rate in the nation is decreasing and it is much lower than the death rate whereas the population is decreasing at a faster rate in comparison to its neighbouring countries.
The largest ethnic group in Serbia are the Serbs which constitute 70% of the entire population followed by other recognized groups residing here as well. Largest ethnic minority group is Hungarians and majority of the population are living in the urban areas only. The inhabitants have greatly contributed to the total population as a report suggested that they are 2, 00,000 in total number. 85% of the population is Orthodox Christian followed by Roman Catholics which constitute 6% of the total residents residing over here. Muslims and Protestants constitute 3% and 1% respectively.
Serbian is regarded as the official language of Serbia with 85% of the total population using the same in their daily life. There are a number of recognized minority languages prevailing including Hungarian, Romanian etc. and all of these are being used actively in cities and municipalities by over 14% of the population living over here. The greatest power in the world, Russia, has invested major chunks of finance in Serbia in energy and aviation sector which in turn is giving a boost to the economy as a whole. With a humid subtropical climate prevailing throughout the year, the average annual temperature in summers and winters are recorded as 22 degree Celsius and 0 degree Celsius respectively. The state experiences heavy rainfall in winters with precipitation showing a relatively good sign in the mid- season of summer and winter.