South Korea is a country found in East Asia. Officially known as the Republic of Korea, it consists of the mainland plus the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. All this land combined covers a total area of over 100,000 square kilometers. Its population is estimated at around 50.8 million people making it the 27th most populous country in the world. South Korea is one of the most urbanized nations in the world. Most of its population is concentrated around the capital city of Seoul with almost 25 million people living within the city and its neighboring areas. This is nearly half of the total population.
The capital city of Seoul ranks sixth in the list of global cities. The 92% urbanization of the country shows that their official currency, the South Korean Won, is of high value. The South Korean economy has always been among the best in the world. It has always grown steadily ever since the 1960s up to now. This sovereign state operates under the Constitution of the Republic of Korea which was promulgated in the year 1948 when the country got its independence. This constitution has remained the same ever since except for some few reviews which have not affected the main aspects of it. Under this constitution, the government is divided into the Judicial, executive and legislative branches. Currently, Park Geun-Hye serves as the eleventh president and the first woman president of the country.
The East Asia monsoon has a great effect on South Korea’s climate. During the short summer period of Jangma between end June and end July, this monsoon causes heavy precipitation. During the winter, temperatures drop up to -20 degrees Celsius. However, summer in general usually goes from June to September. In most parts of the country, it is usually hot and humid with temperature of about 30 degrees Celsius. Winter usually comes from mid-November to mid-March.