Located on the western Pacific Ocean, Palau is an Island country containing approximately 250 Islands thus forming the western chain of the Caroline Island in the country of Micronesia. Compact of Free Association with United States, the country gained its full sovereignty in 1994. However, the country voted against joining its neighbor the Federated States of Micronesia. Politically, a Presidential Republic the nation’s best helping hand comes from the United States when it comes for defense, funding and other social services. United States Dollar acts as the official currency with its Gross National Product being derived from other foreign countries. Being a multi- party republic nation, the President is regarded as the head of the state as well as head of the Government.
With a mean temperature of 28 degree Celsius, Palau has a tropical climate as recorded annually. The country receives heavy rainfall throughout the year which is measured as around 3,800 mm. Although the nation receives rainfall more frequently between July and October, the humidity is recorded at around 82% over here. However, bright sunshine prevails in most areas. Typhoon Haiyan is considered as one of the strongest till date which led to a mandatory evacuation as ordered by the Government in 2013. Illegal dynamite fishing and solid waste disposal around the area has led to environmental degradation on a large scale.
According to a census conducted in the year 2000, the population of the country is estimated at around 21,000 people of whom 75% are native residents of the neighbor countries. Bangladeshi workers considerably migrate in this country for employment on the Island along with some percent of Europeans with them. Filipinos form one of the largest ethnic ancestry groups residing here. The population is highly dominated by Roman Catholics which constitute approximately 22% of the total residents over here.
Palauan and English are regarded as the official languages of this Island country except for two cities of Sonsorol and Hatohobei where Tobian is considered as their official language or dialect. Older Palauans often use Japanese for conversation and the language is considered to be the official one in Angaur. It is glad to say that the country has no railways and the residents rely mainly on private boats and taxis for travelling between Islands. Tourism is very famous in the country as it boosts the economy in a great way apart from its financial aid from the United States.
A group of Palauans were shipwrecked in the century of 1697 on the Island of Philippine to the northwest direction which originally began the discovery of the country. An archipelago constitutes Palau’s territory which is situated on the Pacific Ocean. The nation is known as a global leader in protecting the essential marine ecosystems in its country. Due to insufficient water supply in Palau the coastal vegetation is adversely effected which leads to waste water treatment and maintenance of Ecology as a whole. Moreover the country enjoys huge profits from a large number of tourists visiting here each year.