Often referred to as the ‘Holy Land’, Israel is located in the Middle East bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Neighbouring countries include Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the Gaza Strip. Notwithstanding the smallness of her size, the holy land is a place of many and different geographic features, beginning from Desert Negev in the south to the mountain ranges in the north down to the Jordan Rift Valley found in the eastern part of Israel. The system of government practised in this country can be described as parliamentary democracy. The president is the head of state while the prime minister is that of the government. It s capital city is Jerusalem.
It is a body for the soul of a people. According to Charles Krauthammer as reported in The Weekly Standard, May 11, 1998 was quoted to have said that Israel is really a Jewish lineage and the only country in the world that is living on the same land, speaking exactly same language, bearing same name and worshiping the same God that it did 3,000 years ago. Archaeological reports have it that pottery from Davidic times, coins from Bar Kokhba, and 2,000-year-old scrolls written in a script are still being found in the soil of Israel when dug. The above quote is very true because Christians who embark on pilgrimage to the Holy Land yearly often return with evidences of the ancient activities as recorded in the Bible.
People of Israel or Israelites are the Jews and for them, the Land of Israel is more than a place. Biblically, the Jews are traced to the promised father of all nations, Abraham, who established the belief that there is only one God, the creator of the universe. The trio of Abraham, his son, Isaac (Yitshak in Jewish language), and grandson Jacob or Israel, are referred to as the patriarchs of the Israelites. Three of them lived in the Land of Canaan, which is now the land of Israel. As recorded in Genesis 23, the three patriarchs, their wives are buried in the Ma’arat HaMachpela. The name Israel was given to Jacob during his encounter with an Angel of God as recorded in Genesis 32:29. Israel as Jacob was later called had twelve sons who were the kernels of the twelve tribes that later metamorphosed into the Jewish nation. From research, the name Jew is derived from one of the twelve sons of Jacob, Yehuda (Judah).
The country, Israel has no written constitution. Instead of a formal constitution and in accordance with the Harari decision of June 13, 1950 adopted during the nation’s constituent house. As against Israel’s independence proclamation of May 14, 1948, which empowered a constituent house to prepare a constitution, a chapter by chapter was eventually legislated after a decision reached on June 13, 1950. The delay resulted from differences which existed among the various groups regarding purpose of the state, her identity, and long-term vision.
That is an overview of the Holy Land of Israel.